In the previous 5 tidbits, I endeavored to establish beyond a reasonable doubt that for over 50 years, TJ militated against slavery! Now, let’s look at others who used TJ’s work and life to support their own war against slavery; and for civil rights.
25.In 1837, after his own presidency from 1825-29, John Quincy Adams, son of our second president John and Abigail Adams, became a Representative in the House, where he was nick-named the ‘Hell Hound of Abolition’, for his inexorable decades long fight against slavery; he declared, “The inconsistency of the institution of domestic slavery with the principles of the Declaration of Independence was seen and lamented by ‘all the southern’ (emphasis mine) patriots of the Revolution; but no one with deeper and more unalterable conviction than the author of the Declaration himself [Jefferson]…. Such was the undoubting conviction of Jefferson to his dying day. In the ‘Memoir of His life’, written at the age of seventy-seven, he gave to his countrymen the solemn and emphatic warning that the day was not distant when they must hear and adopt the general emancipation of their slaves” (Barton, pg146).
26.In 1845, Daniel Webster, another hell-hound against slavery, during a speech to the nation, declared, “No language can be more explicit, more emphatic, or more solemn than that in which Thomas Jefferson, from the beginning to the end of his life, uniformly declared his opposition to slavery. “I tremble for my country,” he said, “when I reflect that God is just—that His justice cannot sleep forever.” “The Almighty has no attribute which can take side with us in such a contest.”…To show his own view of the proper influence of the spirit of the Revolution upon slavery, he proposed the searching question: “Who can endure toil, famine, stripes, imprisonment, and death itself in vindication of his own liberty, and the next moment… inflict on his fellow men a bondage, one hour of which is fraught with more misery than ages of that which he rose in rebellion to oppose?” (Barton, pg146)
27.In 1854, the Democrat dominated Congress passed more of its pro-slavery legislation, called the Kansas-Nebraska Act. If you remember, in 1820 Congress passed the Missouri Compromise, which allowed a pro-slavery state for every anti-slavery state into the Union. However, the MC did not apply to the Kansas-Nebraska territory, which included contemporary areas such as Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, and North and South Dakota. However, now with the new 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act passed, all restrictions were removed! Abraham Lincoln responded using TJ as his support, “Mr. Jefferson…conceived the idea of taking that occasion to prevent slavery ever going into the northwestern territory…and in the first Ordinance (which the acts of Congress were then called) for the government of the territory, provided that slavery should never be permitted therein…. Thus, with the author of the Declaration of Independence, the policy of prohibiting slavery in new territory originated…But now [May, 1854] new light breaks upon us. Now Congress declares this [antislavery law constructed by Jefferson] ought never to have been” (Barton, pg 147).
28.Frederick Douglas, who is arguably the greatest of the abolitionists, either white or black, declared of TJ, “It was the Sage of Old Dominion [Virginia] that said—while speaking of the possibility of a conflict between the slaves and slaveholders---“God has no attribute that could take sides with the oppressor in such a contest. I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just and that His justice cannot sleep forever.” Such is the warning voice of Thomas Jefferson, and every day’s experience since its utterance until now confirms its wisdom and commends its truth” (Barton, pg148).
At yet another speech, Douglas declared, “I have been charged with lifelong hostility to one of the cherished institutions of Virginia [slavery]. I am not ashamed of that lifelong opposition…It was, Virginia, your own Thomas Jefferson that taught me that all men are created equal.”
At still another speech, regarding his dealings with African-American Benjamin Banneker, who was a self-taught mathematician and astronomer; who wrote scientific almanacs, predicted sunsets, sunrises, eclipses, weather conditions, and 17-year locust cycles; and whom TJ eventually ‘hired’ to survey the city of Washington D.C., Douglas declared, “Jefferson was not ashamed to call the black man his brother and to address him as a gentleman” (Barton, pg148).
29.Others who invoked TJ as a support in their fight for civil rights include Reverend Henry Highland Garnet, Martin Luther King, and Colin Powell.
In review, not only did TJ fight slavery for over 50 years, but others thought so much of his life, and ideas, that they used him as a support to wage their own fight!
*Facts in this tidbit taken from historian David Barton’s incredible book “The Jefferson Lies”. It is a must read
Always seek to excel yourself. Put yourself in competition with yourself each day. Each morning look back upon your work of yesterday and then try to beat it." - Charles M. Sheldon
22.In 1820, the Democrat party became a majority in Congress and passed the 1820 Missouri Compromise. What is that? In order to restrain antislavery states from gaining even more numerical advantage, the Compromise declared for every antislavery state allowed into the Union, a proslavery state must follow. The first antislavery state under this Compromise was Maine, and the first proslavery state was Missouri.
Although Congress used the Northwest Ordinance in 1789 to ban slavery in the Northwest territory; and banned the exportation of slaves in 1794; and banned the importation of slaves in 1808; the Missouri Compromise was the first time the U.S. federal government ever officially promoted slavery!
At this time there were only a few Founding Fathers remaining, they all opposed this legislation. For example,
1.Elias Boudinot, the former president of Congress, and a framer of the Bill of Rights said this legislation would bring “an end to the happiness of the United States.”
2.John Adams feared lifting the slavery prohibition would destroy America
3.James Madison declared the new policy “fills me with no slight anxiety”. What some believe to be a prophecy of the Civil War, Madison saw aligning the slave states against the anti-slave states would result in “aweful shocks against each other”! (Barton, pg 143)
And finally, speaking to a political leader,the elderly Jefferson joined the chorus declaring: “I had for a long time ceased to read newspapers or pay any attention to public affairs, confident they were in good hands, and content to be a passenger in our bark [small ship] to the shore from which I am not distant [death]. But this momentous question, like a fire bell in the night, awakened and filled me with terror. I considered it at once as the knell [funeral bell] of the Union...I regret that I am now to die in the belief that the useless sacrifice of themselves by the generation of 1776 to acquire self-government and happiness to their country is to be thrown away by the unwise and unworthy passions of their sons...This is an act of suicide on themselves, and of treason against the hopes of the world.”
“I can say with conscious truth that there is not a man on earth who would sacrifice more than I would to relieve us from this heavy reproach in an practicable way. The cession of that kind of “property”, for so it is misnamed, is a bagatelle [an insignificant trifle] which would not cost me a second thought if an that way a general emancipation and expatriation could be effected....But as it is, we have the wolf by the ears and we can neither hold him nor safely let him go.” (Barton, pg144)
23.In 1825, TJ wrote to a young female antislavery enthusiast name Frances Wright. Frances came to America from France with Marquis de Lafayette and remained to fight slavery. She loved Jefferson’s plan for emancipation and invited him to help her. He responded, “at the age of eighty-two, with one foot in the grave and the other uplifted to follow it, I do not permit myself to take part in any new enterprises, even for bettering the condition of man-not even in the great one which is the subject of your letter and which has been through life that of my greatest anxieties...I leave its accomplishment as the work of another generation, and I am cheered when I see that one on which it is devolved taking it up with so much good will and such minds engaged in its encouragement. The abolition of the evil is not impossible; it ought never therefore to be despaired of. Every plan should be adopted, every experiment tried, which may do something towards the ultimate object.... You are young dear madam, and have powers of mind which may do much in exciting others in this arduous task. I am confident they will be so exerted, and I pray to heaven for their success and that you may be rewarded with the blessings which such efforts merit” (Barton, pg 145).
24.In 1826, just weeks before his death, in his last Hurrah...Jefferson declared, “On the question of the lawfulness of slavery (that is, of the right of one man to appropriate to himself the faculties of another without his consent), I certainly retain my early opinions” (Barton, pg145).
If you were counting, you will find that the year 1826 marks 50 years of public declarations and actions of TJ fighting against slavery!
*Facts in this tidbit taken from historian David Barton’s incredible book “The Jefferson Lies”. It is a must read.
One of the major reasons why people are not doing well is because they keep trying to get through the day. A more worthy challenge is to try to get from the day -Jim Rohn
19. In 1808, TJ sent a message to Reverend James Lemen, who he had previously encouraged to move to the Northwest Territory for the purpose of continuing the work of making and keeping that territory antislavery. Ohio and Indiana had already declared statehood, and were anti-slave states. In 1808, Illinois was on the verge of becoming the third anti-slave state, when TJ contacted Reverend Lemen again, who reported: “I received Jefferson’s confidential message on October 10, 1808, suggesting… the organization of a church on a strictly antislavery basis for the purpose of heading a movement to finally make Illinois a free state…I acted on Jefferson’s plan…the antislavery element formed a Baptist church…on an antislavery basis” (pg140, Barton).
Allow me to highlight three important facts. First, Reverend Lemen started a church to further the anti-slavery cause. This means that both Reverend Lemen and TJ agreed that the Bible not only addresses slavery, but the proclamation of the Word of God would lead to slavery’s eradication! Second, as president of the United States (1801-1809), he encouraged Reverend Lemen to start an anti-slavery church! But how could he have done this if he believed in the separation of church and state? Because the separation of church and state has never meant what contemporary liberals now contend--which is, the separation of God from the state!! Third, Reverend Lemen followed “Jefferson’s plan”. A ‘plan’ implies TJ reasoned, thought through, and made provision to abolish slavery!
20.In 1814, TJ corresponded with Edward Coles, who was the private secretary to James Monroe, who was the president at that time. Mr Coles desired TJ to lead a new anti-slavery movement. Tj responded: “Your antislavery letter was duly received and was read with peculiar interest…Mine on the subject of slavery of Negroes have long since been in possession of the public, and time has only served to give them stronger root. The love of justice and the love of country plead equally the cause of these people and it is a moral reproach to us that they should have produced not a single effort—nay, I fear not much serious willingness to relieve them and ourselves from our present condition of moral and political reprobation…but the hour of emancipation is advancing; in the march of time, it will come.”
TJ declined the take on the lead in this case because he was 71; he later responded, “This enterprise is for the young—for those who can follow it up and bear it through to its consummation.” He then encouraged Cole to take the lead: “I hope…you will come forward in the public councils, become a missionary on this doctrine truly Christian, insinuate and inculcate it softly but steadily through the medium of writing and conversation, associate others in your labors, and when the phalanx (large battalion) is formed, bring on and press the proposition perseveringly until its accomplishment…And you will be supported by the religious precept, “be not weary in well-doing” (Gal6:9). That your success be as speedy and complete…I shall fervently and sincerely pray” (pg 141,142, Barton).
Please note, TJ likened slavery to missionary work, once again confirming not only his Christian roots, but understood that authentic Christianity would be the key to slavery’s demise in America! He confirmed this truth by quoting Galatians 6:9, and encouraging Cole that he would fervently pray for him; which rejects the accusations that TJ was a Deist! Deists reject not only prayer, but also a god who answers prayer.
21.In 1815, TJ corresponded with Reverend David Barrow, who was a Virginia pastor, who wrote an antislavery work, and subsequently moved to Kentucky to become the leader of the Kentucky Abolition Society. TJ wrote him declaring, “The particular subject of the pamphlet you enclosed me (emancipation) was one of early and tender consideration with me; and had I continued in the councils (legislature) of my own state, it should never have been out of sight…We are not in a world ungoverned by the laws and the power of a Superior Agent. Our efforts are in His hand and directed by it; and He will give them their effect in His own time…That it may finally be effected and its progress hastened will be my last and fondest prayer” (pg 142, Barton).
The most important thing to remember as you read these tidbits is that these are TJ’s direct quotes.** Historian David Barton is not extracting these quotes from other historians, but from the actual works of Jefferson, or those who corresponded with him. This is critical for two reasons:
1.you get the literal first hand words of Jefferson
2.you get the actual heart of Jefferson, and not some liberal’s historical revisionism.
*Facts in this tidbit taken from historian David Barton’s incredible book “The Jefferson Lies”. It is a must read.
**If you want Barton’s actual sources, please purchase the book and read it, or go to the library and check the book out.
Income seldom exceeds personal development. – Jim Rohn